The Faraday Instituion - ReLib Home

Upcycling of low value end-of-life cathode material into next generation cathode materials

The increase in the use of electric vehicles (EVs) will ultimately lead to an increase in the number of end-of-life lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) that need to be recycled. A particular challenge concerns how to deal with low value cathodes, such as LiMn2O4 (LMO).